When we talk about exotic hoofstock, it is usually broken out into deer, antelope, sheep and goats, cattle and then “others.” Poor “others;” they don’t even get their own category, but I bet we can cover them in a later article. And, with over 100+ hoofed foreign wildlife species, it’s hard to know who’s who and what is what, am I right? So, let’s break it down by the exotic deer species.

Exotic Deer

Exotic deer include:

Axis deer


Dybowski deer or Manchurian sika

Eld’s deer

Fallow deer, European

Persian fallow deer

Indian hog deer

Indian muntjac

Reeves’s muntjac

Père David’s deer

Red deer

Sambar deer

Sika deer


I thought I could list a lot of the exotic deer breeds, but this list has more than I knew about. I honestly hadn’t heard of a lot of these. I even thought my research was wrong on the silk deer. I was thinking, “listed is the Sika and then added it again, but the research misspelled it.” Guess not, right?

Exotic Deer

And while we are at it, we might as well go over what deer are native to the United States. There are only two, or three, depending on who you ask. They are the whitetail, mule and coastal blacktail. The third group, the Pacific coastal (or Columbia) blacktail, is simply a regional variation of the mule deer with enough individuality to be considered a legitimate subspecies. Other offshoots of the two primary species include the Sitka deer of Alaska, a close relative of the blacktail, and consequently of the mule deer, and two diminutive cousins to the whitetail, the Coues deer of the American Southwest and the Florida Key deer.

Did you know all of these breeds? Can you list these 14 breeds without looking? Is this list all-inclusive, and if not, which ones are we missing?

Written by Carly Brasseux.